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Farm Tools And Machines


The drudgery of farm life is being lessened from year to year by the

invention or improvement of farm tools and machines. Perhaps some of you

know how tiresome was the old up-and-down churn dasher that has now

generally given place to the "quick-coming" churns. The toothed,

horse-drawn cultivator has nearly displaced "the man with the hoe,"

while the scythe, slow and back-breaking, is everywhere getting out of

the way
f the mowing-machine and the horserake. The old heavy,

sweat-drawing grain-cradle is slinking into the backwoods, and in its

place we have the horse-drawn or steam-drawn harvester that cuts and

binds the grain, and even threshes and measures it at one operation.

Instead of the plowman's wearily making one furrow at a time, the

gang-plows of the plains cut many furrows at one time, and instead of

walking the plowman rides. The shredder and husker turns the hitherto

useless cornstalk into food, and at the same time husks, or shucks, the


The farmer of the future must know three things well: first, what

machines he can profitably use; second, how to manage these machines;

third, how to care for these machines.

The machinery that makes farming so much more economical and that makes

the farmer's life so much easier and more comfortable is too complicated

to be put into the hands of bunglers who will soon destroy it, and it is

too costly to be left in the fields or under trees to rust and rot.

If it is not convenient for every farmer to have a separate tool-house,

he should at least set apart a room in his barn, or a shed for storing

his tools and machines. As soon as a plow, harrow, cultivator--indeed

any tool or machine--has finished its share of work for the season, it

should receive whatever attention it needs to prevent rusting, and

should be carefully housed.

Such care, which is neither costly nor burdensome, will add many years

to the life of a machine.